Magical volcanic archipelago
On the coasts of Ecuador more than 900 kilometers away is the Galapagos Archipelago, whose official name is Archipelago de Colón, a natural paradise whose history is as fascinating as its nature, its fauna and its vegetation. Thirteen large islands, six islands that measure between one and ten square kilometers and another 215 small islets make up the famous archipelago known for its beauty and for being the site where Charles Darwin tested his theory of evolution by natural selection. These islands were declared by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1978.
The Galapagos Archipelago, also known as the last resting place of Solitario George, the last giant sea turtle of the Galapagos species, which became extinct in 2012; It has an important collection of endemic fauna such as land and marine iguanas, sea lions, penguins, gray heron, mockingbirds, cormorants, among others.
History and culture
San Cristobal Island
Santa Cruz Island
Santa Cruz IslandIt is the second largest island in the archipelago, after Isla Isabela. On this island you will find the Charles Darwin Research Station and the offices of the Galapagos National Park. In its area of 982 km2 there are two huge cavities known as “Los Gemelos” that constitute a paradisiacal natural tourist attraction.
It is the largest in the archipelago, corresponding to 60% of its total size. In it is the Wolf volcano, the highest point of the islands, with 1707 meters of altitude. One of its peculiarities is that it is crossed by the Ecuador line.
Here you can find species such as penguins, multicolored crabs, seals, iguanas and turtles; as well as Galapagos hawks and other species.
In its 4,588 km2 there are 5 active volcanoes, 6 large craters and thousands of scattered cones, which is why it is known as the island of volcanoes. The wide shape of the island is due to the fusion that exists of all its volcanoes in a single mass.
Here is the city of Puerto Villamil and among its attractions we find the Wall of Tears, a wall built by prisoners who lived in the prison of these islands, and the Flamingo lagoon, to the south of the territory.