landscape galapagos
Galapagos Islands
Galapagos Islands
Magical volcanic archipelago
Magical volcanic archipelago
pinguinos galapagos
aves galapagos
reptiles galapagos
patas azules galapagos
patasa azules galapagos
iguanas galapagos
leones marinos galapagos
pelicanos galapagos
cangrejos galapagos
iguanas galapagos
landscape galapagos
landscape galapagos
tortugas galapagos
leones marinos galapagos
leones marinos galapagos
leones marinos galapagos
leones marinos galapagos
tortugas galapagos
landscape galapagos
patas azules galapagos
tortugas galapagos
tortugas galapagos
sailing galapagos
sailing galapagos
landscape galapagos
landscape galapagos
landscape galapagos
landscape galapagos
previous arrow
next arrow
Slider

Galapagos Islands

Magical volcanic archipelago

On the coasts of Ecuador, more than 900 kilometers away is the Galapagos Archipelago, whose official name is the Colón Archipelago, a natural paradise whose history is as fascinating as its nature, fauna and vegetation. Thirteen large islands, six islands measuring between one and ten square kilometers and another 215 small islets make up the famous archipelago known for its beauty and for being the site where Charles Darwin verified his theory of evolution by natural selection. These islands were declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1978.

The Galapagos Archipelago, also known as the last home of Solitaire George, the last giant sea turtle of the Galapagos species, which became extinct in 2012, has an important collection of endemic fauna such as land and sea iguanas, sea lions, penguins, grey herons, mockingbirds, cormorants, among others.

Islas galápagos
  • History
  • San Cristobal Island
  • Santa Cruz Island
  • Isabela Island
  • Floreana Island
  • Weather
  • Useful Info
volcanes galapagos

The Galapagos Islands were discovered by the Spaniards in 1535 and then used as a stopover by English pirates during their voyages of attack on Spanish galleons carrying gold and silver to Spain.

The islands were annexed to the territory of Ecuador in 1832, baptizing them as the Colon Archipelago. It was on Beagle’s voyage that researchers Robert Fitz Roy and Charles Darwin arrived, who became interested in the flora and fauna of the sector, unique in the world.

In 1979 they were declared World Heritage by UNESCO. Nowadays they are considered an endangered heritage, due to the risk of conservation of their species.

San Cristobal Island is located in the eastern part of the Galapagos Archipelago. It owes its name to the patron saint of sailors; however, it is also known as Chatham.

In its 55,800 hectares, the island is enriched with an incomparable flora, fauna, blue shell beaches and enchanting landscapes. 85% of its territory is part of the Galapagos National Park, where species such as giant tortoises, frigates, blue footed boobies, iguanas, sea lions, tropical birds, among the most outstanding live.

In San Cristóbal is located the lagoon of El Junco, the only one of fresh water of the place. The ruins of what used to be Hacienda “El Progreso”, a sugar mill that for 25 years was the economic engine of the island, are also in its lands.

On this island you can enjoy underwater adventures, the beauty of the entire South Pacific is concentrated in its colorful marine fauna.

You will be able to live with nature, you will be surrounded by an immense and rich flora and fauna, sea lions, iguanas, dolphins and seagulls, in addition to rays, sharks and lobsters. There is also a breeding station and refuge for Galapagos Tortoises.  

Santa Cruz Island

It is the second largest island in the archipelago, after Isabela Island. This island is home to the Charles Darwin Research Station and the offices of the Galapagos National Park.

In its area of 982 km2 there are two huge cavities known as “Los Gemelos” that constitute a paradisiacal natural tourist attraction.

isla isabela

Isabela Island

It is the largest of the archipelago, corresponding to 60% of its total size. It is home to the Wolf volcano, the highest point of the islands, with 1707 meters of altitude. One of its particularities is that it is crossed by the Equator line.

Here you can find species such as penguins, multicolored crabs, seals, iguanas and turtles, as well as Galapagos hawks and other species.

In its 4,588 km2 there are 5 active volcanoes, 6 large craters and thousands of scattered cones, which is why it is known as the island of volcanoes. The wide shape of the island is due to the fusion that exists of all its volcanoes in a single mass.

Here is the city of Puerto Villamil and among its attractions are the Wall of Tears, a wall built by prisoners who lived in the prison of these islands, and the lagoon Flamingo, south of the territory.

Isabela Island

It is the largest of the archipelago, corresponding to 60% of its total size. It is home to the Wolf volcano, the highest point of the islands, with 1707 meters of altitude. One of its particularities is that it is crossed by the Equator line.

Here you can find species such as penguins, multicolored crabs, seals, iguanas and turtles, as well as Galapagos hawks and other species.

In its 4,588 km2 there are 5 active volcanoes, 6 large craters and thousands of scattered cones, which is why it is known as the island of volcanoes. The wide shape of the island is due to the fusion that exists of all its volcanoes in a single mass.

Here is the city of Puerto Villamil and among its attractions are the Wall of Tears, a wall built by prisoners who lived in the prison of these islands, and the lagoon Flamingo, south of the territory.

isla floreana

Isla Floreana

La isla Floreana es la sexta isla más grande del Archipiélago por su extensión. Posee una superficie de 173 km² y una altitud máxima de 640 metros.

Aquí podrás practicar kayak y buceo; además, podrás observar a lo largo de las rocas la lobería y los sitios de anidación de los pelícanos, gaviotas, garza y piqueros de patas azules.

En esta isla puede disfrutar de Aventuras bajo el agua, la belleza de todo el Pacífico Sur se concentra en su colorida fauna marina.

Podrás convivir con la naturaleza, estarás rodeado por una inmensa y rica flora y fauna, lobos marinos, iguanas, delfines y gaviotas, además de rayas, tiburones y langostas.

The best time to travel to Galapagos

The topographical diversity of Ecuador makes it a little difficult to predict climatic changes and define the best time of year to travel to the Galapagos Islands.

The temperature of ocean currents determines climate change, which creates microclimates even in neighboring areas belonging to the same region. Sea temperatures vary significantly between 7 and 28 degrees Celsius throughout the year.

January to June are the hottest and rainiest months of the year. During these months there is more abundance of plants and aquatic life, excellent season for snorkeling and diving.

From June to December the ocean temperature drops considerably and climate change changes to cold, cloudy and dry.

These are the two climatic seasons that are witnessed in the Galapagos Islands: Estación Caliente (Hot Season) and Estación Seca (Dry Season).

Any month of the year is good for visiting the islands, however, the transition months (April to June – November to January) are ideal for achieving balanced climates and abundance of flora and fauna.

bancos en galapagos

Economy:

US dollars and credit cards are accepted on the islands. There is a branch of the Banco del Pacífico and another of the Banco del Fomento. Money can be exchanged here.

There is also an ATM network.

Being an archipelago, prices can be quite high, it is suggested to calculate well a budget of 60 dollars per person per day, approximately.

Transportation:

There is land transportation such as buses and taxis and bicycles can also be used within the populated islands.

The archipelago has the San Cristóbal Airport, located on the island of the same name, which receives flights from Guayaquil or Quito, with a previous stop in Guayaquil.

Communications

The Galapagos telephone code is 5. To call from abroad you must put 593, which is the code of Ecuador.

Galapagos island

Boats available to Galapagos

Leave a Reply

avatar
  Subscribe  
Notify of
Close Menu
×